The most frequently asked question these days is, “If I am denied a green card, will I be placed into deportation proceedings?”In short, the answer is “no”. People living in the United States are all protected by the Constitution with a few exceptions. And under the Due Process, which is part of the Constitution, no person can be deported from the United States without a trial just because he or she has no status.
Similarly, if you are denied permanent residence, deportation is based on the issue of a Notice to Appear (NTA). You may receive an NTA by mail or in person, only then will you know that you must go through the immigration court process in front of an immigration judge. The notice will include a statement of the charges and alleged reasons why the alien is subject to deportation.
Receiving an NTA does not necessarily mean an immigrant will be deported. You can get a green card through a deportation proceeding or stop proceedings entirely. Therefore, if you have received a Notice to Appear(NTA), do not be overly despaired but consult with deportation defense lawyer